ASHLEY TOWNSHEND is director of foreign policy and defense at the United States Studies Centre at the University of Sydney and co-chair of the U.S.-Australia Indo-Pacific Deterrence Dialogue. He works on international security and strategic affairs focusing on the Indo-Pacific, including alliances and partnerships, maritime security, and U.S., Chinese and Australian policy. He has also worked at the Lowy Institute for International Policy, the University of Sydney, Fudan University, Shanghai, and the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at Australian National University. He studied at the University of Oxford, Peking University, Paris Institute of Political Studies and the University of Sydney.

DR. DAVID SANTORO is vice president and director for nuclear policy at Pacific Forum and co-chair of the U.S.-Australia Indo-Pacific Deterrence Dialogue. He specializes in strategic and deterrence issues, as well as nonproliferation and nuclear security, focusing on the Indo-Pacific and Europe. Santoro previously worked on nuclear policy issues in Australia, Canada, France and the United Kingdom. In 2010, he was a visiting research fellow at New York University’s Center on International Cooperation, and in 2010-2011, he was a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London.  Featured on Page 16

DR. SHALE HOROWITZ is a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. His research has examined international and ethnic conflict, with an emphasis on East and South Asia and the post-communist world; the politics of international trade and finance; and the politics of market transition and institutional change in post-communist countries and East Asia. He has conducted research in China, India, South Korea, Taiwan and many countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. His current research interests include the causes and consequences of foreign and domestic policy change in China.  Featured on Page 36

DR. ALEXANDER KOROLEV is a senior lecturer in politics and international relations at the University of New South Wales in Sydney. Previously, he was an assistant professor of political science in the School of Asian Studies at the National Research University Higher School of Economics in Moscow and a research fellow in the Centre on Asia and Globalisation at the National University Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. He received a master’s degree in international relations from Nankai University, Zhou Enlai School of Government, and a doctorate in political science from the Chinese University of Hong Kong. His research interests include international relations theory and comparative politics with special reference to China and Russia; and China-Russia-U.S. relations in East and Southeast Asia.  Featured on Page 44

DR. DREW NINNIS is the research and liaison advisor to the chief of the Australian Defence Force. He has worked as an intelligence analyst and in defense capability development and has taught at Australian National University (ANU). He holds a Ph.D. in philosophy from ANU and attended the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies’ Program on Applied Security Studies in 2013. In 2019, he was a Marshall Center alumni fellow. His research interests are in the possible futures of major powers, ethics and artificial intelligence.  Featured on Page 48

RETIRED U.S. ARMY COL. DAVID MAXWELL served 30 years in the U.S. Army, retiring in 2011 as a Special Forces colonel. For his final assignment, Maxwell served on the military faculty teaching national security strategy at the National War College. He specializes in China, military and political power, North Korea and U.S. defense policy and strategy. He served in various command and staff assignments in the infantry in Germany and South Korea, as well as in Special Forces at Fort Lewis, Washington; Seoul, South Korea; Okinawa, Japan; and the Philippines, with total service in the Indo-Pacific of more than 20 years.  Featured on Page 56