Indonesia

  • Partnerships

    Thailand, U.S. to hold annual military drills with troops from 30 nations

    Radio Free Asia Thailand and the United States will stage annual, large-scale military drills in late February 2024, with more than 10,000 troops from 30 nations expected to participate. As part of the maneuvers, Thai and U.S. personnel will salvage the Royal Thai Navy corvette HTMS Sukhothai, which sank during a storm in the Gulf of Thailand in December 2022,…

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  • Conflicts - Tensions

    Indonesian Air Force modernization strengthens sovereignty, regional stability

    Gusty Da Costa The Indonesian Air Force’s acquisition of fighter jets from France and the United States underscores its major modernization strides and strengthened interoperability with partner nations. Experts say the advances bolster Indonesia’s efforts to protect its territory amid a military buildup by the People’s Republic of China (PRC), which is conducting unlawful activities in the South China Sea…

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  • Partnerships

    Southeast Asian nations strengthen regional unity

    FORUM Staff Southeast Asian nations are increasingly willing to act on issues requiring collective defense and cooperation, as evidenced by the mid-January 2024 talks in Hanoi between Vietnamese President Vo Van Thuong and Indonesian President Joko Widodo on strengthening joint maritime security and commerce. The leaders “reaffirmed the importance of peace, stability … and freedom of navigation” in the contested…

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  • Free and Open Indo-Pacific/FOIP

    ASEAN demonstrates solidarity as PRC drags feet on South China Sea code of conduct

    FORUM Staff Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) members are reinforcing partnerships that uphold stability in the South China Sea. Recent diplomatic efforts come as an increasingly aggressive People’s Republic of China (PRC) claims decadeslong talks on a code of conduct (COC) for the crucial waterway are “going smoothly.” Indonesian President Joko Widodo and Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. met…

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  • Global Commons

    Indonesia’s Garuda Contingent vital force for global peacekeeping

    Gusty Da Costa From Lebanon to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and six other conflict zones, more than 2,700 Indonesian troops are deployed on United Nations peacekeeping operations, making the Southeast Asian country the eighth-largest contributor of personnel. Since 1957, over 24,000 Indonesian peacekeepers have served on U.N. missions, and Jakarta recently released a two-year plan to boost…

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  • Global Commons

    Nations consider trade route alternatives as Malacca Strait nears capacity

    FORUM Staff Minutes after midnight on July 11, 2021, the bulk carrier MV Galapagos and the container ship Zephyr Lumos collided as the behemoths transited the Malacca Strait off the coast of southern Malaysia. The enveloping darkness of sea and sky would have been pierced by the stream of navigation lights from some of the more than 250 vessels that…

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  • Partnerships

    ASEAN defense ministers advocate regional stability, security

    Gusty Da Costa Promoting stability through multilateral defense diplomacy during heightened regional tensions was a focus of Southeast Asian defense leaders and counterparts from elsewhere in the Indo-Pacific during the 10th Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus, or ADMM-Plus, in Jakarta, Indonesia, in November 2023. Defense ministers from nine of the 10 ASEAN countries participated, along…

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  • Partnerships

    Indonesia, Vietnam strengthen defense cooperation as PRC’s maritime aggression persists

    Gusty Da Costa Indonesia and Vietnam are moving closer to upgrading their relations to a comprehensive strategic partnership as indicated by their leaders’ September 2023 meeting and the nations’ third Defense Policy Dialogue a month later. The nations are enhancing defense cooperation in particular, according to officials and experts. The two countries, members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations…

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  • Partnerships

    India, Indonesia strengthen military ties amid shared security concerns

    Gusty Da Costa Indian defense officials and military vessels visited Indonesia recently in a demonstration of the nations’ determination to enhance defense ties in the face of shared security concerns about the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Two Indian Navy ships and two Indian Coast Guard vessels arrived in Indonesia in October 2023 for training, professional interactions, partnership exercises and…

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  • Free and Open Indo-Pacific/FOIP

    ‘Malacca Dilemma’ a major security challenge for PRC

    FORUM Staff Reliable alliance and partner networks around the Malacca Strait, one of the world’s busiest shipping passages, would present economic and security challenges for the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the event of a naval blockade. Ships ferry 90% of Chinese trade and much of it — especially oil and natural gas — travels through the strategically critical,…

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