Global Commons

  • Features

    Ocean of Data

    FORUM STAFF  |  PHOTOS BY INTERNATIONAL MONITORING, CONTROL AND SURVEILLANCE NETWORK Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a global scourge: 1 in 5 fish sold is illegally caught. The Indo-Pacific, with 65% of the world’s oceans and more than half of its population, is rife with fishing operations that damage national economies, push depleted fish stocks toward collapse, harm…

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  • Features

    Protecting Civilians During Conflict

    FORUM Staff Territorial disputes, political ambitions and resource competition often spark or escalate armed conflicts. The resulting wars, regardless of their cause, come with complicated consequences. Among them: short- and long-term devastation, and civilian deaths that account for nearly 90% of wartime casualties, according to a 2022 United Nations Security Council report. One of the grimmest pictures of conflict’s toll…

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  • Contemplations

    Deepest-Ever Fish Caught, Filmed Off Japan by Scientists

    Reuters An Australian-Japanese scientific expedition caught fish more than 8 kilometers below the ocean surface for the first time — and filmed them even deeper. Professor Alan Jamieson, the expedition’s chief scientist, said in April 2023 that traps caught two snailfish 8,022 meters underwater in the Japan Trench in the North Pacific Ocean during a two-month voyage by a team…

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  • Features

    Modern Militaries, Reinforced Alliances

    FORUM Staff Technology is strengthening militaries tasked with maintaining security and stability in the Indo-Pacific. Rapidly modernizing nations are transforming arsenals with advancements from cutting-edge aircraft and game-changing submarines to unmanned vehicles, space awareness tools and cyber defense upgrades. Meanwhile, security partnerships are encouraging scientific cooperation among like-minded militaries, and leaders are relying on the power of regional alliances to…

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  • Conflicts - Tensions

    Implications of PLA Modernization

    FORUM Staff The rise of an assertive People’s Republic of China (PRC) over the past decade and the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) pursuit of large-scale military capabilities challenge the international security order throughout the Indo-Pacific and beyond, experts contend. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) modernization could have near- and long-term implications for regional stability that impact the South China Sea, Taiwan…

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  • Features

    The Indo-Pacific Strategic Space and the Global Order

    Dr. Arnab Das/Cmdr. (Ret.) Indian Navy The center of global power has shifted toward the Indian and Pacific oceans. The Indo-Pacific strategic space is recognized as the main theater of geopolitical and geostrategic interactions in the 21st century. More nations globally are deploying assets in the region to ensure their strategic presence and interests. India, the People’s Republic of China…

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  • Features

    Multidomain Integration

    Capt. Patrick Hinton/BRITISH ARMY Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States held an experiment in California in late 2022 aimed at improving integration and interoperability among military forces, an effort that began in July 2020 when the British and U.S. armies signed a memorandum of agreement on joint modernization.   Known as Project Convergence 22 (PC22), the campaign of…

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  • Climate

    Renewable Forces

    On the evening of November 21, 1918 — 10 days after the signing of the armistice that ended World War I — British War Cabinet member George Curzon presided at a dinner honoring the Inter-Allied Petroleum Conference. Toasting the delegates gathered in London, Curzon declared that the Allies had “floated to victory on a wave of oil” due to their…

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  • Conflicts - Tensions

    COTS Devices Pass Muster

    Once dismissed as inferior technology, commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) devices such as aerial and maritime drones, secure mobile phones and GPS instruments are helping Ukraine counter Russia’s assault and drawing increased interest from militaries worldwide, including in the Indo-Pacific. A relatively small percentage of the equipment that Ukraine has used against Russian invaders is inexpensive, publicly available and quickly accessible. Aerial…

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  • Across The Region

    Australia to Boost Defense With Purchase of Advanced Systems

    Australia will boost its defense capabilities by spending more than U.S. $700 million on advanced missile and rocket systems, including the United States-made High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS), which is proving crucial in enabling Ukrainian forces to hit key Russian targets. The Australian government said in January 2023 that the HIMARS will include launchers, missiles and training rockets, and…

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