East China Sea (ECS)

  • Free and Open Indo-Pacific/FOIP

    U.S. challenges excessive maritime claims in Indo-Pacific, worldwide

    FORUM Staff The United States Navy guided-missile destroyer USS Halsey patrolled near the South China Sea’s Paracel Islands in May 2024 to assert navigational rights and freedoms under international law. The operation took place despite the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) unsupported claims that the maritime region is its territory and that foreign vessels must receive transit permission from Beijing.…

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  • Features

    Freedom of the Seas

    FORUM Staff The United States Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM) conducted a regional campaign supporting a Combined Joint All-Domain Operations (CJADO) effort throughout the past year to ensure economic prosperity worldwide via safe, secure and open sea passages. USINDOPACOM coordinated the campaign with other U.S. combatant commands (COCOM) and like-minded Allies and Partners using routine operations across the globe to demonstrate defense…

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  • Northeast Asia

    PLA’s dangerous moves seek to shield North Korea from sanctions enforcement

    FORUM Staff The People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) recent “unsafe and unprofessional” intercept of a Royal Australian Navy helicopter highlights a pattern of dangerous maneuvers aimed at sanctions enforcers. Beijing supported United Nations sanctions to deter North Korea’s destabilizing nuclear and weapons programs, but has undermined the international measures by allowing violators to use Chinese infrastructure and territorial waters to…

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  • Free and Open Indo-Pacific/FOIP

    Japan boosts maritime defenses amid PRC’s Senkaku Islands coercion

    FORUM Staff Japan is bolstering its maritime security capabilities, including increasing its Coast Guard budget and establishing a maritime group for rapid troop transportation, as the nation’s leaders condemn persistent territorial incursions by Chinese vessels. The People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) coercive behavior around the Japan-administered Senkaku Islands continued recently when the Chinese coast guard confronted a Japanese research vessel…

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  • Partnerships

    Japanese-made radar bolsters Philippines’ surveillance capabilities amid South China Sea tensions

    FORUM Staff A mobile radar system delivered to the Philippines by Japan in April 2024 will strengthen Manila’s domain awareness as tensions simmer with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the South China Sea. The Japanese-made air-surveillance radar “adds eyes” for Manila, particularly in the aerial domain, Philippine Defense Secretary Gilberto Teodoro Jr. said during a handover ceremony at…

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  • Conflicts - Tensions

    Japan fortifies southwest defenses amid PRC’s military buildup, incursions

    Felix Kim Japan is strengthening its defense capabilities, particularly on its southwestern islands, in response to Beijing’s assertive military activity. The enhancements include the recent activations of the 3rd Regiment of the Japan Self-Defense Forces’ (JSDF) Amphibious Rapid Deployment Brigade on the major southern island of Kyushu, a surface-to-surface missile unit on Okinawa and an electronic warfare unit on Yonaguni…

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  • Free and Open Indo-Pacific/FOIP

    PLA’s coordinated coercion aims to erode international law

    FORUM Staff International leaders have for years denounced China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) for unsafe intercepts of military aircraft in international airspace and risky maneuvers on the high seas, as well as the Chinese coast guard and maritime militia’s aggressive tactics in the waters of sovereign nations. The coercive and dangerous moves are part of a concerted attempt to discourage…

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  • Across The Region

    Protecting Sea Lines of Communication

    The oceans and seas that dominate the Indo-Pacific present a challenge of immense proportions to safeguarding sovereignty and upholding freedom of navigation and commerce — an obstacle that military planners call the “tyranny of distance.” Increasingly, satellites, sensors, uncrewed aerial and surface vessels, and other technologies — combined with comprehensive information-sharing endeavors among like-minded nations — are key to bridging…

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  • Features

    Upholding International Norms in the Skies

    FORUM Staff A People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) fighter jet intercepted a Canadian Armed Forces CP-140 Aurora aircraft multiple times in international airspace in October 2023 in a “dangerous and reckless” manner, yet another example of Beijing’s disregard for freedom of navigation and aircrew safety, officials said. Such unsafe and unprofessional activities risk midair collisions and escalation. The nonstandard intercepts…

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  • Conflicts - Tensions

    CCP weaponizes law to gain strategic advantage

    FORUM Staff Chinese Communist Party (CCP) General Secretary Xi Jinping’s slant on international conventions favors the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) objectives, often to other states’ detriment. These unilateral “lawfare” tactics are among the CCP’s gray-zone techniques in seeking global hegemony, analysts say. The CCP increasingly employs lawfare to gain leverage in Indo-Pacific waters, including the Taiwan Strait, and the…

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